What is a Hernia?
A hernia is a hole through which organs, fat, intestines can go through. Though there are a wide variety of hernias, we are only here to discuss those that occur through muscle and fascia (the thick lining of muscle).
We have naturally occurring holes in our body. These are not considered to be hernias. If these naturally occurring holes get bigger, and thus entrap organs, fat, intestines, and/or cause pain, then we consider these hernias.
Why do some people get hernias?
Hernias are holes that occur for a variety of reasons:
a) you were born with a hole that should have closed after birth (e.g., at the belly button or in the groin)
b) you are genetically inclined to develop hernias (e.g., others in your family have a hernia)
c) you lead a daily lifestyle that makes you more likely to develop a hernia (see Risk Factors section)
d) you had surgery on your abdomen or torso and the closure of the muscle and fascia did not hold
e) any combination of the above